Before a tornado hits, there are often signs that it is coming. People should be aware of these signs and take appropriate action to ensure their safety.
As the wind picks up, the atmosphere can become charged with electricity, and strange weather patterns may form.
It is important to stay alert and understand what to look for in order to know when a tornado might be coming.
Knowing these signs can help people prepare and protect themselves, as well as their loved ones, before a tornado hits.
What causes a tornado to form?
Tornadoes can form in any area of the world that experiences thunderstorms.
In an unstable atmosphere, warm, moist air rises, and cooler dry air descends. When these two air masses meet and collide, a storm front is created.
If there is enough wind shear—the difference in speed or direction between different layers of air—then the rising air can rotate and form a tornado.
This is why the areas with the most severe tornadoes are usually located in Tornado Alley, which stretches from Texas to Nebraska.
What are the signs of a tornado before it happens?
There are several signs that a tornado is approaching. These include:
A dark or greenish sky
A dark or greenish sky often precedes a tornado. This is because the clouds are reflecting the light from a storm that is happening, sometimes hundreds of miles away.
In addition, large hail or rain may occur before a tornado, and this can cause the sky to become darker as well.
If it appears that the sky is turning quickly from a sunny day to a dark one, this might indicate an approaching storm.
If you observe the sky suddenly turning darker than usual and hear thunder in the distance, it is important to take cover immediately, as a tornado could be near.
Large hail is another sign of an oncoming tornado. Hail can indicate that a storm is forming, especially if the hail is larger than three inches in diameter.
Strong winds and heavy rain often accompany this type of hail. If you are outdoors and hear thunder or see large hailstones, it’s important to seek shelter immediately.
Strong winds are another indicator of an approaching tornado. High wind speeds indicate that something is wrong with the atmosphere and can be a sign that a tornado is near.
Before a tornado hits, people may experience strong gusts of wind or rapid shifts in the direction of the wind.
If you notice these signs, it’s important to seek shelter fast.
Also, if you are outside and hear a loud roar that sounds similar to a freight train, this could be an indication of a tornado and should be taken seriously.
An unusual roar, similar to that of a freight train
An unusual roar, similar to that of a freight train, can often be heard before and during the approach of a tornado.
This is due to the sound made by the rotation of air in the tornado’s funnel cloud. The noise is normally loudest when it reaches land and can sometimes be heard from miles away.
If you hear this type of roar, you should seek shelter immediately and stay away from windows as the tornado approaches.
A rotating, funnel-shaped cloud extending from the clouds to the ground
A rotating, funnel-shaped cloud extending from the clouds to the ground is one of the most telling signs of an approaching tornado.
This type of cloud is created when a column of warm air near the ground rises upward and interacts with cold air in the atmosphere above.
When this happens, a tornado can form as a result of rotation at different levels of the atmosphere.
What to do when a tornado is approaching?
When a tornado is approaching, here are some steps that you can take to stay safe:
Seek shelter immediately.
When a tornado is approaching, it is important to seek shelter immediately. If you are outdoors, look for a sturdy building or an underground shelter and go inside.
Make sure to stay away from windows and cover your head with your arms if possible. Inside buildings, seek shelter in the lowest floor possible and avoid large open spaces such as hallways or auditoriums.
Make sure to stay up-to-date with any local weather reports and updates about the approaching storm. This will help you prepare for any potential danger and keep you safe during a tornado warning.
Listen for warnings.
If you hear an emergency alert or siren, this is a sign that a tornado is approaching. Immediately seek shelter and stay inside until the storm has passed.
Be aware of your surroundings.
When you are outdoors, keep your eyes open for any signs of an approaching tornado such as dark skies, large hail, strong winds, or an unusual roar similar to that of a freight train.
If you notice any of these signs, seek shelter quickly.
When a tornado is approaching, it is important to take action immediately and seek shelter.
Signs of an oncoming storm may include dark skies, large hail, strong winds, or an unusual roar similar to that of a freight train.
When indoors, stay away from windows and seek the lowest floor possible. It is also important to stay informed with any local weather reports and listen for emergency alerts or sirens.
By being aware of the signs and taking immediate action, you can ensure your safety during a tornado warning.