The Pacific Ocean is the world’s largest and deepest ocean, extending from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean (or Antarctica) in the south and bounded on both sides by continents.
The Southern Ocean is the world’s largest division of the World Ocean (as defined with a south polar boundary) and, thus, the hydrosphere.
It covers roughly 46 percent of Earth’s water surface and 32 percent of its total surface area, larger than Earth’s entire land area combined.
Who was the first to discover the Pacific Ocean?
There is no one answer to this question as different cultures and groups of people discovered the Pacific Ocean at different times.
The first recorded discovery of the Pacific Ocean was made by the Greek explorer Balboa in 1513, but it is likely that earlier cultures also knew about and used the Pacific Ocean.
Native Americans, for example, probably crossed the Bering Strait from Asia to North America using rafts or canoes at some point between 10,000 and 15,000 years ago.
In more recent history, European explorers began searching for a route to the East Indies (modern-day Indonesia and Malaysia) via the Pacific Ocean in the late 15th and early 16th centuries.
Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was the first to successfully circumnavigate the globe via the Pacific Ocean in 1521.
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Who named the Pacific ocean and why?
There are a few different stories about who named the Pacific Ocean and why.
One story says that the ocean was named by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan after he crossed it in 1521.
According to this story, Magellan named the ocean ‘Pacifico’ because it was calm during his voyage.
Another story says that the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci named the ocean ‘Pacifico’ in 1502 because it was more peaceful than the Atlantic Ocean.
Vespucci might have also been inspired by a Latin poem about the creation of the world, which says that everything west of the Tethys Sea is at peace (‘pacificus’).
Whatever the case may be, the name ‘Pacific Ocean’ has been in use since at least the 16th century and is now the most common name for the world’s largest ocean.
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Who owns the Pacific Ocean?
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of the Earth’s oceanic divisions.
It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south, bounded by Asia and Australia in the west, and the Americas in the east.
At 165.25 million square kilometers (63.8 million square miles), it covers about 46% of the Earth’s water surface and about 32% of its total surface area, making it larger than all of the Earth’s landmass combined.
The average depth of the Pacific Ocean is 4,276 meters (14,024 feet), and its maximum depth is at the Mariana Trench, which is 10,994 meters (36,070 feet) deep.
Despite its vast size, no single country has sovereignty over the Pacific Ocean; it is governed by international law as laid out in the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea.
Within this framework, countries can claim exclusive economic zones (EEZs), which extend up to 200 nautical miles from their coastline.
Many countries, including the United States, Canada, China, and Russia, have EEZs in the Pacific Ocean.
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What is the deepest part of the Pacific Ocean?
The Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is the deepest known point in the Pacific Ocean, reaching a depth of approximately 36,200 feet (11,034 meters).
The Mariana Trench is part of the larger Izu-Bonin-Mariana subduction zone, where the Pacific Plate is being pulled under the Philippine Sea Plate.
This subduction zone is responsible for the formation of trenches in the Pacific Ocean, including the Mariana Trench.
The Challenger Deep was first explored in 1960 by a team of American scientists and engineers led by oceanographer Jacques Piccard and lieutenant Don Walsh.
Since then, it has been visited by only a handful of other people, making it one of the least explored places on Earth.
Despite its remote location and extreme conditions, scientists believe that the Mariana Trench could provide insights into the origins of life on our planet.
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The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean on Earth, covering nearly one-third of the planet’s surface. It is home to a diverse array of plant and animal life, as well as some of the most active volcanoes in the world.
The Pacific Ocean has played an important role in human history, serving as a major trade route between East and West and providing a wealth of natural resources.
Today, the Pacific Ocean remains an important part of the global economy and is a popular destination for tourism and recreation.