Many people detested mathematics while they were in school, but we should be thankful for its existence nonetheless.
In fact, mathematical principles underlie almost everything in our lives–from finances and utilities to the latest technologies. Still, have you ever wondered how mathematics got started? Who invented it?
Please note that mathematics was not created by a single individual; instead, it emerged from various early civilizations.
The earliest evidence of humankind’s use of math dates back around 20,000 years ago. For instance, marks on the Ishango bone (unearthed near the Nile River) hint at ancient humans’ apparent understanding of prime number sequences.
In this article, we will explore the inventor of mathematics as well as how different civilizations have contributed to its development.
We will also answer some frequently asked questions about the history of mathematics and highlight significant figures who have advanced our understanding of it today.
Who invented mathematics?
Mathematics was not invented by a single person but rather emerged independently in a number of early civilizations.
The earliest known evidence of mathematics dates back to around 30,000 BC when early humans began using tally marks to record the number of objects they had collected.
The first known complex mathematical system was the Babylonian numeral system, which was developed around 4,000 BC.
The origins of mathematical notation are also unclear. However, it is believed that the first symbolic representations of numbers were probably used by the Ancient Egyptians.
The Ancient Greeks are credited with developing formal mathematics and introducing key concepts such as geometry and algebra.
The Mayans and Aztecs also made significant contributions to mathematics.
For instance, the Mayans developed a placevalue system that was far ahead of its time. Meanwhile, the Aztecs were skilled at calculating the areas of land and volumes of objects.
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How has mathematics evolved?
Mathematics has continued to evolve over the centuries. In fact, it is constantly evolving today as new theories and discoveries are made.
One of the most significant developments in mathematics took place in the early 17th century when René Descartes introduced the concept of coordinate geometry.
This paved the way for the development of calculus by mathematicians such as Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.
The 19th century saw the rise of abstract algebra with the work of mathematicians such as Évariste Galois and AugustinLouis Cauchy.
In the late 19th century, Georg Cantor also introduced the concept of set theory, which has since become a fundamental part of mathematics.
The 20th century was a golden age for mathematics with the development of numerous new branches such as topology, game theory, and fractal geometry.
Meanwhile, old branches of mathematics such as algebra and analysis were also significantly developed.
Some of the most influential mathematicians of the 20th century include David Hilbert, Kurt Gödel, and Alan Turing.
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What are some famous mathematicians?
Some of the most famous mathematicians throughout history include:
Names  Notes 
Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) 
A Greek philosopher who made significant contributions to mathematics, logic, and science.

Euclid (c. 325 BC – c. 265 BC) 
A Greek mathematician who is best known for his work on geometry.

Archimedes (c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC) 
A Greek mathematician, physicist, and engineer who made significant contributions to mathematics, physics, and engineering.

René Descartes (1596 – 1650) 
A French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist who is best known for his work on geometry and philosophy.

Isaac Newton (1642 – 1726) 
An English mathematician, physicist, and scientist who is best known for his work on calculus and physics.

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646 – 1716) 
A German mathematician, philosopher, and scientist who is best known for his work on calculus and philosophy.

Georg Cantor (1845 – 1918) 
A German mathematician who is best known for his work on set theory.

David Hilbert (1862 – 1943) 
A German mathematician who is best known for his work on geometry and mathematical logic.

Alan Turing (1912 – 1954) 
A British mathematician, computer scientist, and codebreaker who is best known for his work on computer science and cryptography.

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What are some famous mathematical discoveries?
Throughout history, there have been many famous mathematical discoveries. Here are just a few of the most significant ones:
The Pythagorean theorem
The Pythagorean theorem is a fundamental mathematical principle that states that the square of the length of the hypotenuse (the longest side) of a right triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides.
This theorem is named after the Greek mathematician Pythagoras, who is believed to have first discovered it.
Euclidean geometry
Euclidean geometry is a branch of mathematics that deals with the properties and relations of points, lines, and planes. It is named after the Greek mathematician Euclid, who wrote a treatise on the subject around 300 BC.
The calculus
Calculus is a branch of mathematics that deals with the properties and relations of infinity. It was developed independently by Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz in the late 17th century.
Set theory
Set theory is a branch of mathematics that deals with the properties and relations of sets, which are collections of objects. It was developed by Georg Cantor in the late 19th century.
Topology
Topology is a branch of mathematics that deals with the properties and relations of geometric objects such as points, lines, and planes. It was developed in the early 20th century by mathematicians such as Henri Poincaré and Josiah Willard Gibbs.
Fractals
Fractals are geometric objects that are characterized by a repeating pattern at different scales. They were first studied by the French mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot in the late 20th century.
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The takeaway
The invention of mathematics is a fascinating subject that has been the focus of much debate and research.
While it is impossible to know for certain how math first emerged, there are a few theories that stand out as the most likely explanations.
One theory suggests that math was first developed as a way to keep track of inventory or agricultural yields. Another popular theory suggests that early mathematical concepts were developed in order to facilitate trade between different cultures.
Regardless of its origins, there is no doubt that mathematics has played a pivotal role in the development of human civilization.
Without the ability to count, measure, and calculate, it would be impossible to build structures, develop technologies, or even communicate effectively.
In short, mathematics is a cornerstone of modern society, and its invention is one of the most important events in human history.