Elevators, which date back to the early 20th century, are a modern invention. Devices for transporting people or goods vertically have been around for thousands of years.
Vitruvius, the Greek mathematician Archimedes, wrote that in 236 B.C., he created a rudimentary elevator that was operated by hoisting ropes wound around a drum and turned on a capstan by manpower applied to it.
A subterranean complex of rooms, animal pens, and tunnels formerly existed beneath the Colosseum in ancient Rome.
Gladiators and huge animals were brought up through vertical passageways using elevators powered by hundreds of men operating winches and counterweights at regular intervals.
In China, the use of well-windlasses dates back to at least the first century B.C. These devices consisted of a large horizontal wheel with eight or twelve spokes connected by a central shaft.
A bucket was attached to each spoke and lowered into the well by men turning the windlass. The buckets were then brought up and emptied before being lowered again.
Read also: The history of how camera invented
Who invented the elevator?
The first recorded instance of a true elevator is found in the writings of the Roman architect Vitruvius, who lived in the first century B.C. He described an invention designed by Greek mathematician Archimedes that was used to transport people or goods vertically.
The device consisted of a large horizontal wheel with eight or twelve spokes connected by a central shaft. A bucket was attached to each spoke and lowered into the well by men turning the windlass.
The buckets were then brought up and emptied before being lowered again.
It is not known for sure who invented the modern elevator, but it is generally agreed that it was a German man named Werner von Siemens. He received a patent for his design in 1880.
The first recorded use of an elevator in a building was in 1884 when one was installed in the Eiffel Tower. Since then, elevators have become an essential part of modern life, transporting people and goods up and down buildings all over the world.
Read also: How Was The Refrigerator Invented
Did Elisha Otis invent the elevator?
The first recorded use of an elevator in a building was in 1884 when one was installed in the Eiffel Tower. However, it is generally agreed that the modern elevator was invented by German man Werner von Siemens.
He received a patent for his design in 1880. Since then, elevators have become an essential part of modern life, transporting people and goods up and down buildings all over the world.
Elisha Otis is credited with inventing the safety elevator in 1854. Before his invention, elevators were considered dangerous because there was no way to prevent them from falling if the hoisting rope broke.
Otis’ invention included a special braking system that would engage if the hoisting rope broke, preventing the elevator from falling.
This made elevators much safer and allowed them to be used in more places. Today, Otis is one of the world’s leading elevator manufacturers.
Read also: The history of the light bulb and how it was invented
The other facts about elevator
- In 1853, Elisha Graves Otis invented the first safety brake for elevators.
- In 1857, the first U.S. patent for an elevator was issued to Alexander Miles.
- In 1859, the first passenger elevator was installed in a New York City department store.
- In 1862, Richard Dudgeon received the first U.S. patent for a steam-powered elevator.
- In 1867, the first electric elevator was installed in London.
- In 1871, the first hydraulic elevator was installed in New York City.
- In 1889, the first escalator was installed on Coney Island.
- In 1900, the Otis Elevator Company installed the first automatic elevator in a New York City department store.
- In 1902, the first self-service elevator was installed in a New York City office building.
- In 1906, the first high-speed elevator was installed in New York City.
- In 1909, the first elevator safety code was established in New York City.
- In 1919, the first elevator inspection program was established in New York City.
- In 1926, the first automatic doors were installed on an elevator in New York City.
- In 1930, the first push button elevator was installed in a New York City office building.
- In 1931, the first “local” and “express” elevators were installed in the Empire State Building.
- In 1932, the first “lobby to observatory” elevator was installed in the Chrysler Building.
- In 1939, the first escalator with moving handrails was installed in New York City.
Read also: How was the first airplane invented
The invention of the elevator was a pivotal moment in human history. Not only did it make it possible to build taller structures, but it also changed the way we live and work.
Elevators are now an essential part of our everyday lives, and it is hard to imagine a world without them. They have made it possible for us to live and work in high-rise buildings, and have transformed the way we move around our cities.
Thanks to elevators, we can now enjoy views from the top of tall buildings and travel to places that were once inaccessible. They are truly a wonder of modern engineering and have had a profound impact on our world.